The River Almond rises among the moors of the Cant Hills at an altitude of 275m approximately 5km south-west of Harthill in Lanarkshire. It flows in a north-easterly direction and reaches the Forth estuary at Cramond where it discharges on to the intertidal Drum Sands. From its source to its estuary is a distance of approximately 50km draining a catchment of 175 km².
The upper reaches of the river flow through mainly unimproved acid grasslands and heathers. It then drops into the middle reaches where land-use is a mixture of arable rotation, and as it finally drops down onto the valley floor, agriculture is mainly arable.
Water quality has been adversely affected over the years by effluent from the sewage treatment works at Whitburn, Blackburn, Seafield, Mid Calder, and Newbridge. The various discharges from the now defunct coalmines, including Polkemmit, also have a depressive effect on water quality. The Muirieston and Linhouse Waters, which enter the river at mid Calder, appear to have the best water quality on the river and it has been suggested that it is in these streams that the Almond’s salmon predominantly spawn.
There are many obstructions on the river which in terms of migratory fish appear to be the predominant limiting factor. From Kirkton Campus at Livingston to the weir at Cramond there are eight obstacles, some of which are very severe.
Cramond Angling Club, Secretary Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
West Lothian Angling Association, Secretary, 90 Pumpherston Road, Uphall Station, Nr Livingston, West Lothian EH54 5PJ Email:email@example.com
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